Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Trigeminal
Abducens
Facial
Vestibulocochlear
Glossopharyngeal
Vagus
Accessory
Hypoglossal

III Oculomotor, IV Trochlear, VI Abducens
Extraocular movements
Examination Technique:

  • the examiner places themself approximately 1 meter in front of the patient.

  • ask the patient to look to each side, up and down following an "H" pattern.

  • pursuit: ask the patient to follow a target such as your finger or a pen with their eyes without moving their head.

  • pause at the ends of each direction of gaze to observe for nystagmus.

  • assess saccadic eye movements by having the patient make quick horizontal and vertical eye movements.

  • optokinetic nystagmus is performed by having the patient follow a series of moving horizontal or vertical stripes and observing for nystagmus.